But such a comparison may not reflect the urgency of the problem, given that Taiwanese is compared to some of the worst CO2 emitters – South Korea ranks as the eighth largest country in the world, while Singapore`s emissions per capita in 2015 were even as high as Taiwan`s. Singapore also ranks ninth in Asia in terms of per capita emissions. South Korea is in first place, With Taiwan in 5th place, ahead of Japan (6th) and China (10th). Taiwan`s per capita emissions also rank 8th in the world among countries with more than 10 million inhabitants. And even if we compare the 2005 baseline year to 50%, Taiwan remains the advanced economy with the 6th highest growth in CO2 emissions between 2005 and 2018. During the event, Taiwanese MPs Yi-Jin Yeh, Wen-Ju Yu and Man-Li Chen participated in relevant diplomatic activities on behalf of the Taiwanese legislative yuan. MOFA held more than 40 bilateral meetings with diplomatic and Taiwan-friendly countries and intensified its interactions with the international community. The prime ministers of Tuvalu and Eswatini, as well as environment ministers and legislators from many nations, participated as guests at these meetings. Several international media, such as Deutsche Welle and the major Spanish newspapers ABC and La Razon, also interviewed EPA Minister Chang exclusively, who spoke about Taiwan`s efforts for energy transition and specific co2 reduction strategies. He said that Taiwan, although not a signatory to the UNFCCC agreements, is ready to contribute to the fight against climate change. Asked how to reduce marine waste, Minister Chang provided a detailed answer about Taiwan`s exchange of experiences on global environmental issues with the international community. The international climate policy arena also has a direct influence on Taiwan. In 2015, when the Paris Agreement was formulated at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21), the United States was still governed by the Obama administration and was one of 195 countries that signed the agreement.
In June 2017, Donald Trump announced that the United States would withdraw from the agreement, drawing criticism from many heads of state and interest groups around the world. Compared to the situation in 2009, after the withdrawal of the United States in 2017, which left a vacuum of leadership in international climate policy, the political environment offers China the chance to assume a new role: that of a universal leader in the fight against global warming. At the same time, it allows it to increase its soft power and project the image of a powerful global hegemony (the aspect of real politics) with an environmentally friendly face (the humanitarian soft-power aspect). The Paris Agreement was reached in 2015, when 195 participating countries agreed on a plan to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in place of the Kyoto Protocol. The agreement, under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC or FCCC), includes the control, adaptation and financing of greenhouse gas emissions from 2020. As the world continues to face climate crises, this global issue requires a comprehensive solution. Taiwan`s exclusion misses the concept of climate justice outlined in the Paris Agreement and calls on all nations to take action to combat climate change. It is time for the UNFCCC to demonstrate its political will to involve Taiwan in the global response to climate change. In his first meeting with Obama as China`s new head of state in June 2013, President Xi Jinping outlined China`s underperformance: a new model of great power relations between the two nations, with China the first to dominate equals after the United States. This led in November 2014 to the joint announcement by the United States and China on climate change, which paved the way for the Paris climate agreement a year later.